The State of Israel was established in 1948 and is a democratic state with a parliamentary, multi-party system. Israel has a national health insurance (NHI) system which provides universal coverage. The NHI system is financed primarily through taxation linked to income. The government distributes the NHI funds among four non-profit-making health plans. The Ministry of Health has overall responsibility for the health of the population and the effective functioning of the health care system.

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“Nurses are the heart of our health-care system”: Shoshy Goldberg, Government Chief Nursing Officer, Israel

“The challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic have given us the opportunity to focus on teamwork, to showcase the added value of nurses and their central role in patient treatment. Nurses are proving their reliability and that they can take on additional responsibilities."

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Life expectancy at birth, in years (as of 2010)

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