Spain is the third largest country in western Europe. The Spanish mainland is bordered by France on the north and Portugal on the west side. Global health indicators in Spain have been improving steadily since the 1970s. The average life expectancy is one of the highest in the world and mortality rates have been decreasing since the mid-1970s to reach a rate very similar to EU average levels. The top three causes of death in Spain since 1970 have been cardiovascular diseases, cancer and respiratory diseases.

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Spain moves towards a more resilient health coverage policy during COVID-19

The Government of Spain is introducing new exemptions from co-payments (user charges) for outpatient prescriptions – a reform expected to benefit around 6 million people.

Data and statistics


Life expectancy at birth, in years (as of 2011)

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