Transport and health

Promoting healthy and sustainable transport options prevents the negative effects of current transport patterns on human health, such as those caused by air pollution and physical inactivity. Cooperation among sectors and high-level political commitment are crucial to ensure that health issues are considered when transport policies are made.

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Top story

Promoting cycling can save lives and advance health across Europe through improved air quality and increased physical activity

On World Bicycle Day, celebrated on 3 June, WHO highlights a new master plan that calls countries to acknowledge cycling as an equal mode of transport and to double the level of cycling by 2030.

Data and statistics

30% of car journeys in Europe cover distances of less than 3 km; 50% cover less than 5 km. These distances can be covered within 15–20 minutes by bicycle or 30–50 minutes by brisk walking.

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Transport, Health and Environment Pan-European Programme (THE PEP)

WHO/Europe carries out most of its transport and health activities within the Transport, Health and Environment Pan-European Programme (THE PEP).

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Guidance and tools

Health and economic assessment tool (HEAT) for cycling and walking

HEAT is an online tool to estimate the reduction in mortality resulting from regular cycling or walking

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